Under Stalin, Nenets communities were forced to live on collective farms and villages called kolhozy. Each brigade was obliged to pay reindeer meat as taxes. Children were separated from their families and sent to government-run boarding schools, where they were forbidden to speak nenets language. With the collapse of communism, young adults began to leave their villages for cities. In urban environments it almost impossible to adapt for them.
$1,750.00 – $1,968.54